This strategy profits if the underlying stock is inside the inner wings (short strikes) at expiration.
To construct a short condor, the investor sells one call while buying another call with a higher strike and sells one put while buying another put with a lower strike. Typically, the call strikes are above and the put strikes below the current level of underlying stock, and the distance between the call strikes equals the distance between the put strikes. All the options must be of the same expiration.
An alternative way to think about this strategy is as a short strangle and long an even wider strangle. It could also be considered as a bear call spread and a bull put spread.
The investor is hoping for underlying stock to trade in narrow range during the life of the options.
This strategy profits if the underlying stock is inside the inner wings at expiration.
- Long 1 FSR 18 call
- Short 1 FSR 17.5 call
- Short 1 FSR 12.5 put
- Long 1 FSR 12 put
- Net premium received
- (High call strike – low call strike) OR (High put strike- low put strike) – net premium received
The investor hopes the underlying stock will stay within a certain range by expiration.
This strategy is a variation of the short iron butterfly. Instead of a body and two wings, the body has been split into two different strikes so that there are two shoulders in the middle and two wingtips outside the shoulders.
The maximum loss would occur should the underlying stock be above the upper call strike or below the lower put strike at expiration. In that case either both calls or both puts would be in-the-money. The loss would be the difference between either the call strikes or the put strikes (whichever are in-the-money), less the premium received for initiating the position.
The maximum gain would occur should the underlying stock be between the lower call strike and upper put strike at expiration. In that case all the options would expire worthless, and the premium received to initiate the position could be pocketed.
The potential profit and loss are both very limited. In essence, a condor at expiration has a minimum value of zero and a maximum value equal to the span of either wing. An investor who sells a condor receives a premium somewhere between the minimum and maximum value, and profits if the condor’s value moves toward the minimum as expiration approaches.
This strategy breaks even if at expiration the underlying stock is either above the lower call strike or below the upper put strike by the amount of the premium received to initiate the position.
Upside breakeven = lower call strike + premiums received
Downside breakeven = upper put strike – premiums received
An increase in implied volatility, all other things equal, would have a negative impact on this strategy.
The passage of time, all other things equal, will have a positive effect on this strategy.
Credit to https://www.optionseducation.org and theocc.com for the educational description.